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Въпроси отговори
Въпрос: Samba Users
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Към началото |Добави въпрос |Отговори
 
Въпрос
От: ManGad Дата: 07/02/2005
 Как да направя потребителите на Лин машината да могат да се
 логват през самбата за да виждат споделените ресурси.Шернал
 сам една директория и като се опитам да се логна (пища 
User:root Pass:*******) и нищо не става


Отговор #1
От: Н. Антонов (nikola__at__linux-bg __точка__ org) Дата: 07/02/2005
Няма такъв филм, root е забранен потребител за Samba.

 Покажи все пак smb.conf-а си, да видим какво си се опитал да
 направиш и ще го дооправим. Наготово конфигурации да се
дават не става.


Отговор #2
От: choko Дата: 07/04/2005
 Добави юзер root във smb.conf там кадето ти е шеринга и
 напиши в конзола smbpasswd root натискаш enter пишеш два
пъти паролата на root и готово :)


Отговор #3
От: ManGad Дата: 07/04/2005
[root@******** root]# smbpasswd root
New SMB password:
Retype new SMB password:
Failed to find entry for user root
--------------
ето това ми изписва но ще ви покажа SMB.CONF-a
----------------
[global]

# 1. Server Naming Options:
# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
   workgroup = Tr10

 # netbios name is the name you will see in "Network
Neighbourhood",
# but defaults to your hostname
;  netbios name = <name_of_this_server>

 # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description
field
   server string = Samba Server %v

 # Message command is run by samba when a "popup" message is
sent to it.
# The example below is for use with LinPopUp:
; message command = /usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s

# 2. Printing Options:
 # CHANGES TO ENABLE PRINTING ON ALL CUPS PRINTERS IN THE
NETWORK
# (as cups is now used in linux-mandrake 7.2 by default)
 # if you want to automatically load your printer list
rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
   printcap name = cups
   load printers = yes

 # It should not be necessary to spell out the print system
type unless
 # yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems
include:
# bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx, cups
   printing = cups

 # Samba 2.2 supports the Windows NT-style point-and-print
feature. To
 # use this, you need to be able to upload print drivers to
the samba
 # server. The printer admins (or root) may install drivers
onto samba.
 # Note that this feature uses the print$ share, so you will
need to 
# enable it below.
# printer admin = @<group> <user>
   printer admin = @adm
# This should work well for winbind:
;   printer admin = @"Domain Admins"

# 3. Logging Options:
 # this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each
machine
# that connects
   log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
   max log size = 50

# Set the log (verbosity) level (0 <= log level <= 10)
; log level = 3

# 4. Security and Domain Membership Options:
 # This option is important for security. It allows you to
restrict
 # connections to machines which are on your local network.
The
 # following example restricts access to two C class networks
and
 # the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax
see
 # the smb.conf man page. Do not enable this if (tcp/ip) name
resolution does
# not work for all the hosts in your network.
;   hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.

 # Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add
this to /etc/passwd
# otherwise the user "nobody" is used
;  guest account = pcguest
# Allow users to map to guest:
  map to guest = bad user

 # Security mode. Most people will want user level security.
See
# security_level.txt for details.
   security = user
 # Use password server option only with security = server or
security = domain
 # When using security = domain, you should use password
server = *
;   password server = <NT-Server-Name>
;   password server = *

 # Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the
password for
# all combinations of upper and lower case.
;  password level = 8
;  username level = 8

# You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
 # ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba
documentation.
 # Do not enable this option unless you have read those
documents
 # Encrypted passwords are required for any use of samba in a
Windows NT domain
 # The smbpasswd file is only required by a server doing
authentication, thus
# members of a domain do not need one.
  encrypt passwords = yes
  smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

 # The following are needed to allow password changing from
Windows to
# also update the Linux system password.
 # NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd
file' above.
 # NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to
change only
 #        the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix
password
#        to be kept in sync with the SMB password.
;  unix password sync = Yes
 # You either need to setup a passwd program and passwd chat,
or
# enable pam password change
;  pam password change = yes
;  passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
 ;  passwd chat = *New*UNIX*password* %n\n
*Re*ype*new*UNIX*password* %n\n \
;*passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*

# Unix users can map to different SMB User names
;  username map = /etc/samba/smbusers

 # Using the following line enables you to customise your
configuration
 # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the
netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
;   include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

 # Options for using winbind. Winbind allows you to do all
account and
 # authentication from a Windows or samba domain controller,
creating
 # accounts on the fly, and maintaining a mapping of Windows
RIDs to unix uid's 
 # and gid's. winbind uid and winbind gid are the only
required parameters.
#
 # winbind uid is the range of uid's winbind can use when
mapping RIDs to uid's
;  winbind uid = 10000-20000
#
 # winbind gid is the range of uid's winbind can use when
mapping RIDs to gid's
;  winbind gid = 10000-20000
#
 # winbind separator is the character a user must use between
their domain
# name and username, defaults to "\"
;  winbind separator = +
#
 # winbind use default domain allows you to have winbind
return usernames
 # in the form user instead of DOMAIN+user for the domain
listed in the
# workgroup parameter.
;  winbind use default domain = yes
#
 # template homedir determines the home directory for winbind
users, with 
 # %D expanding to their domain name and %U expanding to
their username:
;  template homedir = /home/%D/%U

 # When using winbind, you may want to have samba create home
directories
 # on the fly for authenticated users. Ensure that
/etc/pam.d/samba is
 # using 'service=system-auth-winbind' in pam_stack modules,
and then
# enable obedience of pam restrictions below:
;  obey pam restrictions = yes

#
 # template shell determines the shell users authenticated by
winbind get
;  template shell = /bin/bash

# 5. Browser Control and Networking Options:
 # Most people will find that this option gives better
performance.
# See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
    socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192
SO_SNDBUF=8192

# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
 # If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list
them
# here. See the man page for details.
;   interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24 

# Configure remote browse list synchronisation here
#  request announcement to, or browse list sync from:
 #       a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see
below)
;   remote browse sync = 192.168.3.25 192.168.5.255
# Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
;   remote announce = 192.168.1.255 192.168.2.44

 # set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a
master
 # browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election
rules apply
;   local master = no

 # OS Level determines the precedence of this server in
master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
;   os level = 33

 # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master
Browser. This
 # allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets.
Don't use this
 # if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing
this job
;   domain master = yes 

 # Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser
election on startup
 # and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the
election
;   preferred master = yes

# 6. Domain Control Options:
 # Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server
for 
 # Windows95 workstations or Primary Domain Controller for
WinNT and Win2k
;   domain logons = yes

 # if you enable domain logons then you may want a
per-machine or
# per user logon script
# run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
;   logon script = %m.bat
# run a specific logon batch file per username
;   logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roaming profiles for WinNT and Win2k
 #        %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is
username
#        You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
;   logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

 # Where to store roaming profiles for Win9x. Be careful with
this as it also
# impacts where Win2k finds it's /HOME share
; logon home = \\%L\%U\.profile


 # The add user script is used by a domain member to add
local user accounts
 # that have been authenticated by the domain controller, or
when adding
 # users via the Windows NT Tools (ie User Manager for
Domains).

# Scripts for file (passwd, smbpasswd) backend:
; add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd -s /bin/false '%u'
; delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel '%s'
; add user to group script = /usr/bin/gpasswd -a '%u' '%g'
 ; delete user from group script = /usr/bin/gpasswd -d '%u'
'%g'
; set primary group script = /usr/sbin/usermod -g '%g' '%u'
 ; add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd %g && getent group
'%g'|awk -F: '{print $3}'
; delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel '%g'

 # Scripts for LDAP backend (assumes nss_ldap is in use on
the domain controller,
# and needs configuration in smbldap_conf.pm
 ; add user script =
/usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-useradd.pl '%u'
 ; delete user script =
/usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-userdel.pl '%u'
 ; add user to group script =
/usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-groupmod.pl -m '%u' '%g'
 ; delete user from group script =
/usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-groupmod.pl -x '%u' '%g'
 ; set primary group script =
/usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-usermod.pl -g '%g' '%u'
 ; add group script =
 /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-groupadd.pl '%g' &&
 /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-groupshow.pl %g|awk
'/^gidNumber:/ {print $2}'
 ; delete group script =
/usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-userdel.pl '%g'


 # The add machine script is use by a samba server configured
as a domain
 # controller to add local machine accounts when adding
machines to the domain.
 # The script must work from the command line when replacing
the macros,
 # or the operation will fail. Check that groups exist if
forcing a group.
# Script for domain controller for adding machines:
 ; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -d /dev/null -g
machines -c 'Machine Account' -s /bin/false -M %u
 # Script for domain controller with LDAP backend for adding
machines (please
# configure in /etc/samba/smbldap_conf.pm first):
 ; add machine script =
 /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-useradd.pl -w -d /dev/null
-g machines -c 'Machine Account' -s /bin/false %u

# Domain groups:
 # Domain groups are now configured by using the 'net
groupmap' tool

# Samba Password Database configuration:
 # Samba now has runtime-configurable password database
backends. Multiple
 # passdb backends may be used, but users will only be added
to the first one
# Default:
; passdb backend = smbpasswd guest
# TDB backen with fallback to smbpasswd and guest
; passdb backend = tdbsam smbpasswd guest
# LDAP with fallback to smbpasswd guest
 # Enable SSL by using an ldaps url, or enable tls with 'ldap
ssl' below.
 ; passdb backend = ldapsam:ldaps://ldap.mydomain.com
smbpasswd guest
# Use the samba2 LDAP schema:
 ; passdb backend = ldapsam_compat:ldaps://ldap.mydomain.com
smbpasswd guest

# Idmap settings:
# Idmap backend to use:
; idmap backend = ldap:ldap://ldap.mydomain.com

 # This is a range of unix user-id's that samba will map
non-unix RIDs to,
# such as when using Winbind
; idmap uid = 10000-20000
; idmap gid = 10000-20000
  
# LDAP configuration for Domain Controlling:
 # The account (dn) that samba uses to access the LDAP
server
# This account needs to have write access to the LDAP tree
# You will need to give samba the password for this dn, by 
# running 'smbpasswd -w mypassword'
; ldap admin dn = cn=root,dc=mydomain,dc=com
; ldap ssl = start_tls
 # start_tls should run on 389, but samba defaults
incorrectly to 636
; ldap port = 389
; ldap suffix = dc=mydomain,dc=com
 # Seperate suffixes are available for machines, users,
groups, and idmap, if 
 # ldap suffix appears first, it is appended to the specific
suffix.
# Example for a unix-ish directory layout:
; ldap machine suffix = ou=Hosts
; ldap user suffix = ou=People
; ldap group suffix = ou=Group
; ldap idmap suffix = ou=Idmap
# Example for AD-ish layout:
; ldap machine suffix = cn=Computers
; ldap user suffix = cn=Users
; ldap group suffix = cn=Groups
; ldap idmap suffix = cn=Idmap


# 7. Name Resolution Options:
# All NetBIOS names must be resolved to IP Addresses
 # 'Name Resolve Order' allows the named resolution mechanism
to be specified
 # the default order is "host lmhosts wins bcast". "host"
means use the unix
 # system gethostbyname() function call that will use either
/etc/hosts OR
 # DNS or NIS depending on the settings of /etc/host.config,
/etc/nsswitch.conf
 # and the /etc/resolv.conf file. "host" therefore is system
configuration
 # dependant. This parameter is most often of use to prevent
DNS lookups
 # in order to resolve NetBIOS names to IP Addresses. Use
with care!
 # The example below excludes use of name resolution for
machines that are NOT
# on the local network segment
 # - OR - are not deliberately to be known via lmhosts or via
WINS.
; name resolve order = wins lmhosts bcast

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
 # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable
it's WINS Server
;   wins support = yes

 # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a
WINS Client
 #       Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS
Client, but NOT both
;   wins server = w.x.y.z

 # WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries
on
 # behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work
there must be
 # at least one  WINS Server on the network. The default is
NO.
;   wins proxy = yes

 # DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve
NetBIOS names
 # via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions
1.9.17 is yes,
# this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
   dns proxy = no 

# 8. File Naming Options:
# Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_
# NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis
;  preserve case = no
;  short preserve case = no
# Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files
;  default case = lower
 # Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break
things!
;  case sensitive = no

# Enabling internationalization:
 # you can match a Windows code page with a UNIX character
set.
 # Windows: 437 (US), 737 (GREEK), 850 (Latin1 - Western
European),
 # 852 (Eastern Eu.), 861 (Icelandic), 932 (Cyrillic -
Russian),
 # 936 (Japanese - Shift-JIS), 936 (Simpl. Chinese), 949
(Korean Hangul),
# 950 (Trad. Chin.).
 # UNIX: ISO8859-1 (Western European), ISO8859-2 (Eastern
Eu.),
# ISO8859-5 (Russian Cyrillic), KOI8-R (Alt-Russ. Cyril.)
# This is an example for french users:
;   dos charset = 850
;   unix charset = ISO8859-1


 #============================ Share Definitions
==============================
[homes]
   comment = Home Directories
   browseable = no
   writable = yes
# You can enable VFS recycle bin on a per share basis:
# Uncomment the next 2 lines (make sure you create a
# .recycle folder in the base of the share and ensure
# all users will have write access to it. See
# examples/VFS/recycle/REAME in samba-doc for details
;   vfs object = /usr/lib/samba/vfs/recycle.so

 # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory
for Domain Logons
; [netlogon]
;   comment = Network Logon Service
;   path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon
;   guest ok = yes
;   writable = no

 #Uncomment the following 2 lines if you would like your
login scripts to
 #be created dynamically by ntlogon (check that you have it
in the correct
 #location (the default of the ntlogon rpm available in
contribs)
 ;root preexec = /usr/bin/ntlogon -u %U -g %G -o %a -d
/var/lib/samba/netlogon
;root postexec = rm -f /var/lib/samba/netlogon/%U.bat

 # Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving
profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
;[Profiles]
;    path = /var/lib/samba/profiles
;    browseable = no
;    guest ok = yes
 # This script can be enabled to create profile directories
on the fly
 # You may want to turn off guest acces if you enable this,
as it
# hasn't been thoroughly tested.
 ;root preexec = PROFILE=/var/lib/samba/profiles/%u; if [ !
-e $PROFILE ]; \
 ;                then mkdir -pm700 $PROFILE; chown %u.%g
$PROFILE;fi

 # NOTE: If you have a CUPS print system there is no need to

# specifically define each individual printer.
 # You must configure the samba printers with the appropriate
Windows
 # drivers on your Windows clients or upload the printer
driver to the
 # server from Windows (NT/2000/XP). On the Samba server no
filtering is
 # done. If you wish that the server provides the driver and
the clients
 # send PostScript ("Generic PostScript Printer" under
Windows), you have
 # to use 'printcap name = cups' or swap the 'print command'
line below 
 # with the commented one. Note that print commands only work
if not using 
# 'printing=cups'
[printers]
   comment = All Printers
   path = /var/spool/samba
   browseable = no
# to allow user 'guest account' to print.
   guest ok = yes
   writable = no
   printable = yes
   create mode = 0700
# =====================================
# print command: see above for details.
# =====================================
    print command = lpr-cups -P %p -o raw %s -r   # using
client side printer drivers.
 ;   print command = lpr-cups -P %p %s # using cups own
drivers (use generic PostScript on clients).

 # This share is used for Windows NT-style point-and-print
support.
 # To be able to install drivers, you need to be either root,
or listed
 # in the printer admin parameter above. Note that you also
need write access
 # to the directory and share definition to be able to upload
the drivers.
 # For more information on this, please see the Printing
Support Section of
 #
 /usr/share/doc/samba-<version>/docs/Samba-HOWTO-Collection.pdf

#
 # A special case is using the CUPS Windows Postscript
driver, which allows
 # all features available via CUPS on the client, by
publishing the ppd file
 # and the cups driver by using the 'cupsaddsmb' tool. This
requires the
 # installation of the CUPS driver
(http://www.cups.org/windows.php) 
 # on the server, but doesn't require you to use Windows at
all :-).
[print$]
   path = /var/lib/samba/printers
   browseable = yes
   write list = @adm root
   guest ok = yes
   inherit permissions = yes
   # Settings suitable for Winbind:
   ; write list = @"Domain Admins" root
   ; force group = +@"Domain Admins"

 # A useful application of samba is to make a PDF-generation
service
 # To streamline this, install windows postscript drivers
(preferably colour)
 # on the samba server, so that clients can automatically
install them.
 # Note that this only works if 'printing' is *not* set to
'cups'

[pdf-generator]
   path = /var/tmp
   guest ok = No
   printable = Yes
   comment = PDF Generator (only valid users)
    #print command = /usr/share/samba/scripts/print-pdf file
path win_path recipient IP &
    print command = /usr/share/samba/scripts/print-pdf %s ~%u
//%L/%u %m %I "%J" &

# This one is useful for people to share files
;[tmp]
;   comment = Temporary file space
;   path = /tmp
;   read only = no
;   public = yes

 # A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for
people in
# the "staff" group
;[public]
;   comment = Public Stuff
;   path = /home/samba/public
;   public = yes
;   writable = no
;   write list = @staff
 # Audited directory through experimental VFS audit.so
module:
# Uncomment next line.
;   vfs object = /usr/lib/samba/vfs/audit.so

# Other examples. 
#
 # A private printer, usable only by Fred. Spool data will be
placed in Fred's
 # home directory. Note that fred must have write access to
the spool directory,
# wherever it is.
;[fredsprn]
;   comment = Fred's Printer
;   valid users = fred
;   path = /homes/fred
;   printer = freds_printer
;   public = no
;   writable = no
;   printable = yes

 # A private directory, usable only by Fred. Note that Fred
requires write
# access to the directory.
;[fredsdir]
;   comment = Fred's Service
;   path = /usr/somewhere/private
;   valid users = fred
;   public = no
;   writable = yes
;   printable = no

 # a service which has a different directory for each machine
that connects
 # this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming
machines. You could
# also use the %u option to tailor it by user name.
 # The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is
connecting.
;[pchome]
;  comment = PC Directories
;  path = /usr/pc/%m
;  public = no
;  writable = yes

 # A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users.
Note that all files
 # created in the directory by users will be owned by the
default user, so
 # any user with access can delete any other user's files.
Obviously this
 # directory must be writable by the default user. Another
user could of course
 # be specified, in which case all files would be owned by
that user instead.
;[public]
;   path = /usr/somewhere/else/public
;   public = yes
;   only guest = yes
;   writable = yes
;   printable = no

 # The following two entries demonstrate how to share a
directory so that two
 # users can place files there that will be owned by the
specific users. In this
 # setup, the directory should be writable by both users and
should have the
 # sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this
could be extended to
# as many users as required.
;[myshare]
;   comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff
;   path = /usr/somewhere/shared
;   valid users = mary fred
;   public = no
;   writable = yes
;   printable = no
;   create mask = 0765

[mnt]
    path = /mnt/
    comment = mnt
    valid users = root
    public = no
    writable = yes
    printable = no
    create mask = 0777


Отговор #4
От: choko Дата: 07/08/2005
иъвинявай командата е smbpasswd -a root


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